Racism and Totalitarian Nationalism

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Another factor that may sap democracy is totalitarian nationalism, which turns into chauvinism and racism.

Patriotism in itself is not a bad thing. Pride in one's country and culture is definitely an important cultural and individual ballast. However, a form of nationalism that is targeted directly at alienating and depreciating others is not promoting a democratic society. This behaviour excludes people from the community, while the sense of community and trust are prerequisites for democracy.

In that respect, one may wonder why European soccer clubs are not subjected to pressure to minimise the number of racist followers. It is particularly surprising that there are city councils that chose to brand their city through a soccer team without letting hooliganism come to an end. Could anyone imagine the acceptance of religious or ethnic minorities who acted in the same way as this sports minority without politicians interfering?

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Next chapter: Totalitarian Capitalism, an Uncontrolled Market Economy